Home Inspection 101: Electrical Terms & Concepts You Should Know About

Electricity forms an integral part of our lives, and it’s a saddening fact that many people out there take it for granted. Nicola Tesla was vital in the invention of AC (Alternating Current) electricity that we all use nowadays in our homes, and it’s also the reason why we can use a myriad of electric appliances without any issues. 

But, as electricity can be useful on one side, it can also be devastating on the other – if you don’t know how to handle it carefully. To help you with the same, we’ll be discussing some of the essential concepts and terms that you should be learning about electricity – with the help of a home inspector in Polk County FL services. 

Significant Electrical Terms & Concepts Explained

1. Current

Current can be designated as the flow of electricity.

2. Voltage

Voltage is defined as the current pressure running through a single electrical wire.

3. Resistance

Resistance is defined as the amount of difficulty the current is facing when flowing through any specific electrical wire or conductor. For example, copper has one of the least resistive materials used in the electrical industry.

4. Hot Wire

It should be realized that every electrical circuit comes with a live or hot wire along with a ground wire & a neutral wire. The hot or live wire is responsible for carrying the current or electricity. It’s due to this very same reason that hot wires are dangerous and are therefore encased inside red or black insulating plastic. However, you still cannot rely on the same for 100 percent effectiveness because in case the wiring is old, then it can be done incorrectly. 

There will be some instances where the hot wire will be designated with the help of electrical tape – at the end of its connection – to prevent any mishaps. 

5. Neutral Wire

The neutral wire helps in completing the overall electrical circuit and is therefore connected to the ground. The neutral wire is encased in plastic for most of the times.

6. Ground Wire

The ground wire is generally green in colour (or maybe yellow sometimes). Old homes with old-age wiring might lack the ground wire, but the primary purpose of the ground wire is to prevent any electrical shocks or shortages.

7. Electrical Box / Electrical Panel

The electrical panel or box is responsible for providing the source of the electricity flow in your home. This panel contains the main switches along with the circuit breakers – all securely fitted alongside each other. When an electrical fault occurs, this is the first area that should be inquired. 

8. Fuses

Considered to be illegal in many areas or parts of the world, fuses are old-fashioned circuit breakers to prevent any electrical overloads inside your home.