Concrete Flooring: Types of Concrete & Ways to Clean Different Stains

Concrete floors were majorly seen in sidewalks, basements, patios, garages and driveways, but it is now used for indoor countertops and floors. It is highly durable and needs very little care if you maintain it well. For floor protection and to avoid any kind of damage, it is important to understand the type of finish used on it. Spills and stains must be cleaned up immediately regardless of the type of concrete. Read on to know the different types of concrete.

Types Of Concrete

Sealed concrete comes with a coating made of acrylic resins, urethanes, epoxies or silicates. It is stain-resistant and nonporous.

Polished concrete is polished dry or wet and has a glossy finish. It needs no recoating or waxing. You can choose the level of sheen and the concrete can be made to look like granite, marble or polished stones.

Stained concrete comes with distinct types of colours to colour the older or freshly poured concrete. The stains are penetrated to give it a permanent look. The finish can either be sealed or left as it is.

Stamped concrete is also known as textured or imprinted concrete replicates brick, wood or  stone. The concrete is mostly stained and you can seal it or leave it unsealed for durability.

How To Clean Concrete Floors?

Concrete floors are resistant to the majority of stains and as a result, the process of cleaning is quite simple. If the stains are tough, you can consult professionals. The commercial cleaners in Auckland are the best as they provide effective cleaning solutions. Some of the useful tips on how to clean different types of stains have been mentioned below.

Dirt & Debris

To get rid of dirt and loose debris, remove everything residing on the concrete. Use a broom with stiff bristles to sweep away the dirt and debris. The exterior concrete can be cleaned using a pressure washer with a solution made of water and trisodium phosphate.

Grease Stains

To remove stains of grease, sprinkle the area using a layer of dry kitty litter and cornstarch. Leave it on the stain for a minimum of 3 days and let it absorb the oil. The cleaning procedure takes long as unsealed concrete is porous.

Food Stains

To remove food and beverage stains, add 2 tablespoons of dishwashing solution with one quart of water. Use a still bristled brush to apply the solution and scrub it rigorously. If there are oily stains, apply the mixture onto the stain directly, scrub and rinse thoroughly with water.

Tire Marks

Moisten the area and apply a degreaser on the stained area. Leave the solution on for a minimum duration of 4 hours. Next, scrub it using a stiff brush and rinse well.

Rust Stains

The rust stains are not easy to remove, but if you follow these steps, stains will vanish in no time. If the rust stain is light, apply distilled vinegar on the affected area and let it rest for 30 minutes. Thereafter scrub using a stiff brush and thoroughly rinse it. If there are dark stains of rust, use oxalic acid as it works effectively to remove the stains.

Mildew Stains

To remove mildew stains, mix 2 tablespoons of laundry detergent powder, 2 tablespoons of TSP (trisodium phosphate) and one quart of water. The stained area should be scrubbed with a brush using the solution and can be rinsed thereafter. If the stains are heavy, chlorine bleach in addition to water solution works wonders. Scrub the area with a brush and rinse it thoroughly.


Avoid mixing bleach with other cleaning solutions. Always wear protective outfits and consider a space which has good ventilation. Keep grass and shrubs away from the mixture.